Q&A With Raymond Luczak on “Compassion Michigan”

Raymond Luczak, author of Compassion, Michigan

What was the first story with which this book started? When was that story written and what inspired it?

I suddenly remembered the fact that I’d truly loved the taste of orange sherbet at an ice cream parlor across the street from Carlson’s Supermarket in Ironwood, Michigan; I must’ve been seven or eight at the time. That place felt magical, and I think I was in there maybe two or three times if that, and how peculiar that I couldn’t remember anyone serving those magnificent scoops of sherbet. At the same time I began to think about the neighborhood a few blocks south of where I grew up, so imagining a 33-year-old woman who ran the ice cream parlor living in that part of the neighborhood flowed together fairly quickly. After finishing “Stella, Gone” in late March 2017, I realized that if I did some historical research about actual locations around Ironwood, I could put together a new book of short stories that would be somewhat inspired by Sherwood Anderson’s Winesburg, Ohio, which had been published in 1919.

How many of these stories are inspired from real-life events/experiences?

Aside from the fact that all of these stories take place in actual locations that I knew around Ironwood while following the general history of mining and/or downtown developments around the city, the book is truly fictional with a few exceptions. The experience of growing up Deaf in a large hearing family is definitely there in the book’s first and last stories, and there is a story somewhat inspired by an aunt who had a child born out of wedlock (but there was a happy ending unlike in the book), but that’s about it. “The Ways of Men” was directly inspired by reading in a memoir somewhere a very brief description of a trans man who regularly rode the streetcar in Ironwood during the 1920s. Everyone knew that he was trans but it didn’t seem to be an issue. No one knew his name, and his mere existence on the streetcar was all the information available that the author had about him, but I was immediately struck by the notion of a trans man living rather openly back in those glory days of Ironwood. Whoa! I couldn’t resist imagining everything else about him.

Most of these stories are about women/female-led characters. Any particular reasons for this focus on the female gender?

My previous collection The Kinda Fella I Am had focused solely on the disabled gay male experience, so I thought it was time to try something else different. Women have always fascinated me in the sense of their unfortunate second-class citizenship in our male-dominated society because as a Deaf person, I too have been treated very much like a second-class citizen by hearing people. My communication needs do not matter. The entire burden of communication rests on me: I must learn how to speak clearly and lipread while hearing people don’t feel obligated to change their behavior to accommodate my accessibility needs. Women have had to deal with an incredibly misogynistic society for centuries, so I believe I can appreciate a little bit of that fury against a system that still continues to reward hearing able-bodied straight white men.

U.P. Colony

SKU 978-1-61599-606-3
$11.95
The Story of Resource Exploitation in Upper Michigan -- Focus on Sault Sainte Marie Industries
In stock
1
Product Details

In the 1980s, Phil Bellfy pondered the question: Why does Sault,Ontario, appear to be so prosperous, while the "Sault" on the American side has fallen into such a deplorable state? Could the answer be that the "American side" was little more than a "resource colony"-or to use the academic jargon of "Conflict and Change" Sociology-an "Internal Colony." In UP Colony, Bellfy revisits his graduate research to update us the state of the Sault.

The ultimate question: why has the U.P.'s vast wealth, nearly unrivaled in the whole of the United States, left the area with poverty nearly unrivaled in the whole of the United States? None of the conventional explanations from "distance to markets," to "too many people," to "disadvantageous production costs," have any credibility. Simply put: "Where did the $1.5 billion earned from copper mining, $1 billion from logging, and nearly $4 billion in iron ore go?"

To get to the bottom of these thorny questions, Bellfy looks at the possible economic pressures imposed by "external colonial powers." The pressure-points examined in this book include presence of a complimentary economy, lopsided investment in one sector, monopoly style management, disparity of living standards, a repressive conflict-resolution system, and the progressive growth of inequality over time.

In UP Colony, Dr. Bellfy has revisited his MA Thesis and brought this analysis up-to-date in conjunction with the Sault's Semisepticentennial-the 350th anniversary of its French founding in 1668.

From Ziibi press www.ZiibiPress.com

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